On this page we provided a selection of documentary sources (white-papers) on the history and role of referendums and direct democracy in Denmark. The sources are available in full text and can be downloaded right away.

Note: The first two publications (Andersson and Ross) were written almost half a century ago. The next two publications by Bogdanor and Svensson were produced in the mid 90s. Thus, they neither discuss the Amsterdam-referendum (1998) nor the Euro-referendum (2000). However, we provide a brief update on these referendums in the text.

bullet Early Democratic Traditions in Scandinavia (From Scandinavian Democracy: Development of Democratic Thought and Institutions in Denmark, Norway and Sweden)
By Ingvar Anderson


bullet What is Democracy? (From Scandinavian Democracy: Development of Democratic Thought and Institutions in Denmark, Norway and Sweden)
By professor Alf Ross


bullet Scandinavia (From Referendums around the World - the growing use of direct democracy)
By professor Vernan Bogdanor


bulletDenmark: the referendum as minority protection (From The Referendum Experience in Europe)
By Professor Palle Svensson


bulletInstitutionalizing Fair Democracy: The Theory of the Minipopulous (From the Journal Futures)
By Marcus Schmidt